Most Common Symptoms and Tests to Detect Whether You Have Diabetes or Not!

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas, which regulates the amount of glucose in the body. But if you are diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, your body is said to have form insulin resistance. It means that your body cannot produce insulin the way it should, and you need type 2 diabetes treatment from a good health expert. 

Approximately 34 million Americans have reported suffering from Diabetes, and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes. 

The symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes are very mild. Some of the most common pre-diabetes symptoms people often tend to ignore could be:

  • Frequent thirst
  • Numbness in palms or feet
  • Feeling tired or worn out
  • Peeing a lot
  • Wounds that take time to heal
  • Recurring hunger
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Unexplained infection

You might be taking all the precautions required to keep yourself healthy, but still, after being diagnosed with Diabetes, it’s often hard to track the actual cause of this issue:

Overweight or obesity: If you have extra weight around your belly, the overweight can result in insulin resistance.

Genes: Different bits of DNA affect our body differently in making insulin. 

Unstable glucose in the liver: The liver makes and releases glucose when the sugar count in the body is low. The blood sugar goes up, and the liver slows down to store the glucose for later. But sometimes, the liver does not slow down and keeps releasing sugar.

Improper coordination between cells: When the cells send wrong signals, it affects insulin formation, leading to Diabetes.

Now, what has happened, cannot be reversed. Therefore, it’s necessary to take all the necessary precautions and get all the right tests done to confirm your signs:

A1C: This test measures your average blood glucose for the past couple of months. If the A1C is greater than or equal to 6.5%, you have Diabetes.

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG): This test is done before breakfast since you must fast for at least eight hours before the test. The FPG will test your fasting blood glucose levels, and if they are 126 mg/dl or higher, you have Diabetes. 

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT): The OGTT checks the blood glucose levels before and two hours after consuming a special liquid. If your two-hour blood glucose level is 200 mg/dl or higher, you have Diabetes. 

Random (casual) plasma glucose test: Doctors will often order this test for patients with severe diabetes symptoms. If the test reports blood glucose greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl, you have Diabetes. 

Conclusion:

There are special treatments needed to monitor blood sugar levels in the body. A health expert will determine the treatment approach depending on whether a patient is diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes since all healthcare patients have different needs.

It’s a phase of life that too shall pass. But, just by taking some important measures, you will not let sugar interfere with your daily activities of life. 

Faisal Rafiq

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