lung cancer

What Causes Lung Cancer? Symptoms and Risk Factors

Lung cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs and spreads to other parts of the body. When you breathe in and out, your lungs are two spongy organs in your chest that take in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.

Smokers are more likely to develop lung cancer, but it can also affect nonsmokers. Lung cancer risk increases with the length of time and cigarettes you smoke.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

There are frequently no indications or symptoms in the early stages of lung cancer. Signs and symptoms of lung cancer usually arise after the disease has progressed.

Some of the indications and symptoms of lung cancer are as follows:

  • I have developed a new cough that I cannot seem to shake.
  • Coughing up blood, even if only a small amount
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Chest discomfort
  • Hoarseness
  • Weight loss that is effortless
  • Aches in the bones
  • Headache

When should you consulting the doctor?

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any persistent signs or symptoms that concern you. If you have not been able to quit smoking, make an appointment with your doctor.

Causes of Lung Cancer

Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, which affects both smokers and those who are exposed to secondhand smoke. Lung cancer can afflict people who have never smoked and have never been exposed to secondhand smoke for a long time. In rare circumstances, there may be no clear an etiology of lung cancer.

Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer.

Doctors believe that smoking causes lung cancer by damaging the cells that line the lungs. When you inhale cigarette smoke, which is heavy in carcinogens, lung tissue changes very immediately. At initially, your body may be able to restore the damage.

Types of lung cancer

Doctors split lung cancer into two broad types based on the appearance of cancer cells under a microscope. Depending on the type of lung cancer you have, your doctor will choose your treatment options.There are two forms of lung cancer:

·         Lung Cancer with Small Cells

Lung cancer with a small number of cells. Small cell lung cancer is less common than non-small cell lung cancer, and it affects heavy smokers almost exclusively.

·         Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Non-small cell lung cancer is a blanket term encompassing a wide range of lung cancers. Non-small cell lung cancers include squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.

Risk Factors

Lung cancer can be brought on by a number of factors. Smoking, for example, is one risk factor that can be reduced by stopping. You have no influence over other things, such as your family history.

Lung cancer is caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Smoking:

Lung cancer risk increases with the number of cigarettes you smoke each day and the number of years you have smoked. Quitting smoking at any age lowers your risk of lung cancer significantly.

  • Secondhand smoke exposure

Even if you do not smoke, secondhand smoke can increase your risk of lung cancer.

  • Radiation therapy in the past

If you have undergone chest radiation therapy for another type of cancer, you may be at an increased risk of developing lung cancer.

  • Radon Gas Exposure

The inhalation of radon gas causes radon poisoning. Radon is produced by the natural breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and water, and it eventually finds its way into your lungs.

Complications in Lung Cancer

Complications of lung cancer include:

  • Shortness of breath

If the cancer has progressed to the point where it has obstructed the major airways, this can happen to patients who have lung cancer.

  • Coughed upBlood .

Lung cancer can induce airway bleeding, which might cause blood in your cough (hemoptysis). At times, the bleeding may be significant. There are medicines available to help with bleeding management.

  • Pain

Advanced lung cancer that has spread to the lungs’ lining or another area of the body, such as a bone, can cause pain.

Lung Cancer Screening:

Lung cancer screening is a procedure for detecting the presence of lung cancer in persons who are otherwise healthy but have a high risk of developing the disease. Lung cancer screening is advised for older persons who have smoked for a long time but have no symptoms or signs of lung cancer.To check for lung cancer, doctors utilize a low-dose computerized tomography (LDCT) scan of the lungs. Lung cancer is more likely to be treated with treatment if it is identified early.

Lung cancer screening Singapore aims to discover lung cancer at an early stage, when it has a better chance of being cured. Lung cancer signs and symptoms are frequently too advanced for curative treatment by the time they appear. According to studies, lung cancer screening lowers the likelihood of dying from the disease.

Where to get a lung cancer specialist in Singapore?

Lung cancer requires effective therapy to avoid the spread of cancer throughout the body. This issue can be helped by a lung cancer specialist Singapore. A doctor should be consulted and questions about the entire lung cancer removal operation should be asked. A lung specialist Singapore would have the equipment and skills to assess your ailment in any case.

Md Mahamudul Hasan

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