A psychiatrist diagnoses and treats various mental health problems. They are familiar with all types of medications used to treat mental health conditions, including psychotherapeutic drugs such as antidepressants or antipsychotics; electroconvulsive therapy (ECT); and medication used to stabilize moods, such as benzodiazepines or lithium. Psychiatrist Phoenix can also prescribe medications to manage chronic pain as well as medicines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Mental health disorders can range from mild to severe and affect every aspect of your life. Some common mental health disorders that a psychiatrist can treat include:
Depression is a mental illness that affects your mood, thinking, behavior, and ability to interact with the world around you. Symptoms of depression include sadness, loss of interest in activities that you once enjoyed, lack of energy or increased fatigue, and irritability. Depression can interfere with your functioning at home, work, and school. Factors that can cause depression include genetics, environment, lifestyle choices, and traumatic experiences. Psychiatrists can treat depression using medication (SSRIs), psychotherapy (CBT), or peer support therapy (CBT). Your psychiatrist will know which treatment is best for your case.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurological disorder that affects the brain’s ability to control impulses and sit still. ADHD can cause difficulties in attention, impulsiveness, hyperactivity, and difficulty focusing.
People with ADHD have trouble controlling their behavior and emotions. They may have difficulty paying attention to their surroundings or controlling their actions.
ADHD is not a mental illness but a symptom of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), another mental health disorder.
Schizophrenia is a long-term mental illness that causes changes in thinking, emotions, and social interactions over time. It can cause hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech and behavior, flattened affect (losing interest in something), social withdrawal, and uneasy emotions.
The symptoms of schizophrenia usually begin between the ages of 16 and 25. Still, they may start much earlier or later depending on the type of schizophrenia you have, such as paranoid type or disorganized type, or the severity of their symptoms.
The most common types of anxiety disorders include panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), social phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). People with GAD may constantly feel anxious or on edge or have intrusive thoughts about things that might happen in the future. They often worry about everyday concerns like work deadlines or social situations. People with panic disorder experience repeated panic attacks characterized by physical symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and dizziness. People with OCD have repeated obsessions or compulsive behaviors that interfere with their daily lives.
Mental illnesses are a part of life, and there is no shame in being honest about your feelings. If you think you or your child might have symptoms of any mental illness, talk to your doctor about getting tested. Your psychiatrist will tell if you have a mental disorder by conducting a series of tests, including testing your brain waves while performing specific tasks or answering questions. Your doctor may also ask questions about how long it takes to complete tasks and whether any symptoms bother you.
Eating disorders are a group of mental health disorders that can affect someone’s mental, emotional, and physical health. These include anorexia, bulimia, binge-eating disorder and other related conditions. A psychiatrist can help diagnose and treat these disorders by providing counseling and medications to help manage the condition. In this section, we will cover the various types of eating disorders and the treatments available.