The campaign to add Washington, DC, as the 51st state always faced low odds in the Senate, but now the bill has its first Democratic detractor — Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia.
In a radio interview with West Virginia’s MetroNews Talkline Friday, Manchin threw cold water on the thus-far-unified Democratic effort to approve DC statehood. Legislation to add the District of Columbia as the 51st state passed the House last week on a strictly party-line vote, sending the bill to the Senate.
“If Congress wants to make DC a state, it should propose a constitutional amendment,” Manchin said. “Let the people of America vote.”
In the 50-50 Senate, where any bill would need 60 votes to clear procedural hurdles, the bill was likely on its way to death by filibuster anyway. But the loss of Manchin — who has also vocally stood in the way of Democrats’ plans to reform the filibuster and implement a $15 minimum wage, and President Joe Biden’s federal spending and taxation plans — stings for statehood advocates and progressives alike.
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Currently, 46 Senate Democrats have come out in favor of the bill, according to the Washington Post, and it has Biden’s support. Three have yet to take a stance, though one, Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) previously co-sponsored a DC statehood bill. And Manchin is the only Democrat in the “no” column.
Republicans appear united in their opposition to the bill. In 2019, then-Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell called Democratic efforts to add DC and Puerto Rico as states “full-bore socialism.”
Oregon state Rep. Mike Nearman, the Polk County Republican who allowed far-right demonstrators to breach the state Capitol in December, now faces criminal charges.
According to court records, Nearman has been charged with first-degree official misconduct, a class A misdemeanor, and second degree criminal trespass, a class C misdemeanor.
The decision to charge Nearman follows a monthslong investigation by state police that began Dec. 21. As lawmakers met in a special legislative session to take up COVID-19 relief that day, surveillance footage showed Nearman exiting the locked Capitol building into a throng of protesters who were trying to get inside the statehouse. In doing so, he appeared to purposefully grant entrance to far right groups demanding an end to ongoing restrictions related to COVID-19.
Security camera footage shows state Rep. Mike Nearman opening the doors to the Oregon State Capitol building for far-right protesters on Dec. 21, 2022. Credit: Oregon State Legislature
Shortly after that breach, demonstrators scuffled with state troopers and Salem police. One man is accused of spraying officers with bear mace, allowing the crowd to make their way further into the building. Several people were arrested before the Capitol was cleared, and members of the crowd went on to shatter glass doors and assault journalists outside the building. Nearman, meanwhile, promptly walked around the building and entered on the opposite side.
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At least three people who participated in the Salem protest went on to participate in the attack on the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Nearman did not immediately respond to a request for comment Friday.
Court documents filed by the Marion County District Attorneys Office spell out the charges.
Under the official misconduct charge, prosecutors stated that on Dec. 21, Nearman “being a public servant, did unlawfully and knowingly perform an act which constituted an unauthorize exercise of his official duties with intent to obtain a benefit or to harm another.”
Prosecutors also stated under the trespassing charge that Nearman, “constituting part of a common scheme or plan,” unlawfully aided and abetted “another to unlawfully and knowingly enter and remain in and upon the premises of the Oregon State Capitol.”
Nearman is required to appear in Marion County Court at 9 a.m. May 11, according to court documents. Failure to appear, documents state, will result in a warrant for his arrest.
The charges announced Friday are just one facet of the repercussions Nearman faces from the incident.
Democratic lawmakers in January filed a formal complaint, accusing Nearman of putting lawmakers, staff members and law enforcement officers in danger with his actions.
“He let a group of rioters enter the Capitol, despite his knowledge that only authorized personnel are allowed in the building due to the COVID-19 pandemic,” the complaint said, calling Nearman’s actions “completely unacceptable, reckless, and so severe that it will affect people’s ability to feel safe working in the Capitol or even for the legislature.”
The complaint requires an investigation into whether Nearman’s actions broke workplace rules, a determination that would ultimately be made by a House committee evenly split between Democrats and Republicans. Nearman could face consequences ranging from counseling to expulsion if lawmakers conclude he violated legislative policy.
It’s not clear when the matter could come before the Oregon House Conduct Committee for a hearing.
While that process plays out, Nearman has seen his ability to impact bills during the Legislative session severely diminished. He’s been removed from all of his former legislative committees, and agreed to turn in his Capitol access badge and provide 24-hours notice before coming to the building. Nearman has still regularly appeared at House floor sessions.
The lawmaker also faces a rather large bill. In early March, the Legislative Assembly invoiced Nearman more than $2,700 for repairs following the December incursion. But the body has limited options for forcing Nearman to pay the tab. He had not responded to the invoice as of Thursday, interim legislative administrator Brett Hanes said.
Nearman has not said much about his role in the breach, but in a statement in January he emphasized his belief that the Capitol should be open to the general public, a position many of his Republican colleagues agree with. The building has been closed since March 2022, leading lawmakers to hold hearings and take testimony virtually during three subsequent special sessions and this year’s regular legislative session.
“I don’t condone violence nor participate in it,” Nearman’s statement said. “I do think that when Article IV, Section 14 of the Oregon Constitution says that the legislative proceedings shall be ‘open,’ it means open, and as anyone who has spent the last nine months staring at a screen doing virtual meetings will tell you, it’s not the same thing as being open.”
Surveillance video captured Dec. 21 at the Oregon State Capitol shows a crowd of protesters trying to fight their way past Oregon State Police troopers.
Oregon State Police
Nearman suggested in the statement he was the victim of a political attack, and that he was being subjected to “mob justice.”
After charges emerged Friday, House Speaker Tina Kotek, D-Portland, reiterated her belief that Nearman should resign his seat.
“Rep. Nearman put every person in the Capitol in serious danger and created fear among Capitol staff and legislators,” Kotek said in a statement to OPB. “I called on him to resign in January and renew my call in light of today’s charges.”
While Democrats and left-leaning groups have railed against Nearman, his Republican colleagues have had little to say about his actions. In one of her only statements on the matter, House Republican Leader Christine Drazan of Canby said in January she’d support the result of a criminal investigation.
“If the investigation finds that actions taken were criminal, legislators are not above the law and will be held responsible,” Drazan’s statement said. “As we affirm the need for due process and the right of the public to fully engage in the work of the legislature, we commit to protect public safety and hold accountable to those who would willfully undermine that commitment.”
Drazan was not immediately available Friday to answer questions about whether Nearman’s role among House Republicans would change in light of the charges, a spokesman said.
One of the most conservative Republicans in the House, Nearman has been a lawmaker since 2015. In that time, he’s been tied repeatedly to right-wing demonstrations. In 2017, his then-legislative aide gave a gun to a convicted felon, who then brought it to a pro-Trump demonstration at the Capitol, the Oregonian/OregonLive reported. Court records show the aide, Angela Roman, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor in the incident.
Nearman’s dedication to right-wing causes has not flagged, despite his recent controversy. On Saturday, he’s slated to appear at a Salem rally in support of gun rights alongside former congressional candidate and QAnon conspiracy theory supporter Jo Rae Perkins, according to a flyer for the event.
Manchin argued that reports from the Justice Department under the Reagan and Carter administrations demonstrate that DC must be added as a state by constitutional amendment. He pointed to the 23rd Amendment, ratified in 1961, which permitted DC residents the right to vote in presidential elections and granted it three electoral votes in the Electoral College, as standing in the way of statehood via congressional action.
He went on to say he would not support unilateral congressional action on the issue, and said he would “tell his friends” that the matter would end up in the Supreme Court if they pursue a congressional path.
“Every legal scholar has told us that,” Manchin said. “So why not do it in the right way and let the people see if they want to change?”
All existing 50 states were added to the union via an act of Congress.
Proponents of DC statehood, including Democratic Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, DC’s only representative — though nonvoting — in Congress, told Politico in a statement that Congress did not need to repeal the 23rd Amendment in order to make DC a state.
Norton also took a shot at Manchin in an interview with the Washington Post, saying she had never counted on him for support, but instead was counting on electing more Democrats in order to diminish his influence.
Stasha Rhodes, the president of DC statehood advocacy group 51 for 51, framed the issue in a statement as one of racial justice, and pushed back against Manchin’s logic.
“No member of the Senate should deny voting rights to 700,000 mostly Black and Brown Washingtonians based on a flimsy understanding of the Constitution and American history,” Rhodes said. “A DC statehood law is clearly consistent with the Constitution and the 23rd Amendment.”
But despite the voting rights and racial justice arguments for statehood, the debate surrounding it has become about partisan power — something that Manchin surely knows. As Vox’s Jerusalem Demsas has reported:
Democrats’ narrow majority was able to pass statehood legislation when it came to the House floor but now it goes to the Senate — where bills go to die via filibuster.
Despite the myriad ways statehood would benefit DC residents, the political debate has been defined by the reality that two more Democratic senators would likely be added to the Senate if DC were to become the 51st state. According to the Brookings Institution, since 2000, the Democratic presidential nominee has captured, on average, over 89 percent of the vote in Washington, DC.
In a statement to Vox, a spokesperson for Sen. Tom Carper (D-DE), the Senate bill’s sponsor, said the 23rd Amendment was not an impediment to DC statehood and that he remained optimistic about the bill’s chances, despite the severe obstacles.
“Sen. Carper remains actively engaged with colleagues on both sides of the aisle and is confident this can reach the finish line by the end of this Congress,” his spokesperson said. “With a record amount of Senate co-sponsors and support from the House and White House, Sen. Carper feels that the stars are aligning to right this historic injustice.”
But without Manchin, let alone 10 Republicans, it looks like adding a 51st star to the American flag will remain elusive.